Precious Timber Plants
Sandalwood / Srigandham / Chandan Plant (Santalum Album):
Sandalwood can be described as the fragrant woods yielded by trees in the genus Santalum. The stem grows 20 to 30 feet high, is heavy and straight-grained and varies in color. It is white when young, and yellow and orange in color when old. Its oval leaves are covered with a whitish bloom; its small flowers are varying in color. The plant species is normally found in the dry peninsular areas of India, right from the peaks of the Vindhya to the southern zones of Tamil Nadu and Mysore. Apart from this, it is also found in some other states within the country, like Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Orissa and Rajathan. The species have been utilized since ancient times for curing a number of ailments and diseases. It is very popular as an essential oil and its fragrance is also of great significance. For such reasons, cultivation and trading of this plant species have been done throughout the ages and the species has been exploited to such an extent that it is almost on the verge of getting extinct. Ideal time to grow these plants are from 15 years to 25 years. The sandalwood and its important oil have used for many purposes all over history. The wood retains its delicate scent for lots of years, so it is well valued for fixed statues and wish bead. The wood may also be earth into a put on and mixed with water to create exasperate. Sandalwood imperative oil is prized both as a pure heady scent and as a module of many perfume blends. It may moreover be add to extra bath products and candles.The sandalwood oil is thought to have a kindly effect. Sandalwood also may well be used to care for skin, and it is also used the therapeutic purpose, it may be warm in an infuser over a small flame to disperse its perfume. The scent may also be sandalwood-scented candles.
Pterocarpus Santalinus (Red Sanders / Raktchanan / Errachandanam)
Pterocarpus santalinus is a light-demanding small tree, growing to 8 meters (26 ft) tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 meters (16 ft) tall in three years, even on degraded soils. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of −1 °C. Red sandalwood grown on the shale sub soils, at altitudes around 750 meters (2,460 ft), and in semi-arid climatic conditions gives a distinctive wavy grain margin. Lumber pieces with the wavy grain margin are graded as "A" grade. Red sandalwood with wavy grain margins sells at higher prices than the standard wood.
One of the very precious timbers in the world and is used to make valuable handy-crafts, furniture, cosmetics and coloring agents etc. Wood will fetch highest value based on the quality of heartwood, its size and age. Ideal harvesting time is more than 25 years.